Trick-or-treating is a customary celebration for children on Halloween. Children go in costume from house to house, asking for treats such as candy or sometimes money, with the question, “Trick or treat?” The word “trick” refers to “threat” to perform mischief on the homeowners or their property if no treat is given. The practice is said to have roots in the medieval practice of mumming, which is closely related to souling (discussed above). John Pymm writes that “many of the feast days associated with the presentation of mumming plays were celebrated by the Christian Church.”. These feast days included All Hallows’ Eve, Christmas, Twelfth Night and Shrove Tuesday. Mumming, practiced in Germany, Scandinavia and other parts of Europe, involved masked persons in fancy dress who “paraded the streets and entered houses to dance or play dice in silence.” Their “basic narrative framework is the story of St. George and the Seven Champions of Christendom.” – – more
CALIFORNIA: Supplemental poverty rate 2011-2013: 23.4% (the highest)CALIFORNIA HAS:
> An Official poverty rate: 16.0% (15th highest)
> The State price level: 4th highest
> Pct. without health insurance: 17.2% (8th highest)
In no state was the gap between the official poverty rate and the supplemental poverty rate wider than in California. Between 2011 and 2013, an average of 16% of residents earned incomes below the poverty line, one of the higher rates in the nation. Once taxes, cost of living, and non-cash income were taken into account, the poverty rate rose to 23.4%, the highest supplemental poverty rate nationwide. California’s high cost of living is the largest force pushing state residents into poverty. The cost of rent relative to the rest of the nation was higher than in every state except for Hawaii in 2012. Every day items are also more expensive in California than in the vast majority of states. And despite a wide-ranging need for government assistance, just 9.4% of households received food stamps last year, one of the lowest rates. – – READ MORE
Other States with grave POVERTY are:
2) HAWAII | 3) NEW JERSEY | 4) FLORIDA | 5) NEVADA | 6) MARYLAND | 7) VIRGINIA | 8) MASSACHUSETTS | 9) NEW HAMPSHIRE | 10) CONNECTICUTContinue reading →
Just in Time for the Big Day, HALLOWEEN …..yayyyy !
NIGHTCRAWLER is a pulse-pounding thriller set in the nocturnal underbelly of contemporary Los Angeles. Jake Gyllenhaal stars as Lou Bloom, a driven young man desperate for work who discovers the high-speed world of L.A. crime journalism.